I had just turned 40, and for the very first time I heard the expression, “Thinking is a skill.”

I thought, “If thinking is a skill, then how come no one ever mentioned it to me?”

My parents never mentioned it. My high school never mentioned it. My college never…

Confirmation bias is a tendency to consider information that confirms what you already believe and that doesn’t challenge it. The American Psychological Association defines it this way:

“the tendency to gather evidence that confirms preexisting expectations, typically by emphasizing or pursuing supporting evidence while dismissing or failing to seek contradictory…

Do you ever listen to someone’s argument and think that it makes sense, and all the ideas are connected, but you don’t know why? Well-crafted arguments need to have certain ingredients, and those ingredients in an argument make sense to us.

Sometimes that “makes sense” feeling is a recognition that…

Do you ever feel like someone’s argument is wrong, but you can’t say exactly why? Maybe you don’t know how to formulate counter-arguments. Maybe you can’t tell the difference between a strong argument and a weak argument, or a bad argument and a good argument. But maybe the problem goes…

Suppose I ask you to multiply two large numbers-say 12,653 and 65,321. How would you get the correct answer? You’d probably use a calculator or the good old multiplication algorithm you learned as a kid. One thing is clear: if you don’t use the correct method, then you’re not guaranteed…

Vishal Sharma

I write about How to Think Independently. Learn to: Avoid costly mistakes, make better decisions, and defend your ideas. www.thinkbuthow.com

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