Do you ever feel like someone’s argument is wrong, but you can’t say exactly why? Maybe you don’t know how to formulate counter-arguments. Maybe you can’t tell the difference between a strong argument and a weak argument, or a bad argument and a good argument. …

Suppose your plane crashed in the middle of nowhere with you and a dozen other survivors. You have three options:

  1. Everyone leaves the crash site to look for food and help.
  2. Half of the group leaves the crash site to look for food and help, while the other half stays…

Sometimes people think something is a design flaw, but it’s really a design feature.

Let’s pretend that you are new to Gmail. As a new user, you find yourself complaining about the five-second delay in sending email messages and you call it a bug-a flaw in the software. However, after…

Suppose I ask you to multiply two large numbers-say 12,653 and 65,321. How would you get the correct answer? You’d probably use a calculator or the good old multiplication algorithm you learned as a kid. …

People always said I was a calm guy. I never got angry or raised my voice. But it all changed when my daughter turned 3.

Like many 3-year-olds, she was testing her limits. She would flat out ignore me when I told her to do something, or she would look…

I had a near-death experience. I was on a train to meet some friends outside Paris. People were getting on and off at various stops, and eventually, there were only two of us. The other guy was wearing a sleeveless jean jacket with worn-out biker boots. His knuckles were tattooed…

We all crave sugar.

Humans need sugar to live, so evolution gave us the craving for it. Sugar was relatively scarce in the environment in which humans evolved, so our metabolism adapted to convert excess calories from sugar quickly and efficiently into fat.

Fast forward 100,000 years: sugar is now…

My friend Gullible and I were having a discussion:

Gullible: “I heard from Andrew Yang that universal income is the best solution to fight poverty.”

Me: “Why do you believe that?”

Gullible: “Yang is successful and famous, so he must be right.”

This is a common informal fallacy called “The…

“Be careful when you follow the masses. Sometimes the ‘M’ is silent.” -Anonymous (perhaps Unanimous)

I had a conversation with my friend, Majority:

Me: “Buying a house is not always the best investment.”

Majority: “Most people want to buy a house, so it must be the best investment. …

I had a disagreement with my boss. He insisted that we should move forward on a project his way instead of mine. To make his case, he began criticizing me.

When I called him out for personal attack instead of my position, he was tongue-tied. …

Vishal Sharma

I write about How to Think Independently. Learn to: Avoid costly mistakes, make better decisions, and defend your ideas. www.thinkbuthow.com

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